milk machine design

October 13, 2011
The 2007 International Standards for Milking Machine Installations and Automatic Milking Installations

D.J. Reinemann, Milking Research and Instructional Lab, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2007.
Specifies the minimum performance and information requirements and certain dimensional requirements for satisfactory functioning of milking machines, for milking and cleaning.

The History of Vacuum Regulation Technology

D.J. Reinemann, Department of Biological Systems Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2005.
Reviews the history of vacuum regulation to show that the improvement in receiver vacuum
stability has not lead to the improvement of vacuum stability at the “business end” of the cow, her teat ends.

A Review of Studies on the Ergonomics of Milking

D.J. Reinemann, Milking Research and Instructional Lab, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2005.
Reviews papers published on the subject of milking ergonomics.

Milking Equipment Installer Manual, 2003 Revision

Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection, 2003.
Details all installation, modification or replacement requirements for milking equipment.

Milking System Air Consumption When Using a Variable Speed Vacuum Pump

S.A. Sanford, Department of Biological Systems Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2003.
Describes a method for measuring the air consumption when using a variable speed drive and show the results of measurements on four dairy farms.

Design Considerations for Milking Machines Used in Brazil

Costa, D.A., Reinemann, D.J. and P. Billon, Department of Biological Systems Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2003.
Reviews milking machine design to determine the energy implications of a milking machine designed for Brazilian conditions.

Dry Tests of Vacuum Stability in Milking Machines with Conventional Regulators and Adjustable Speed Vacuum Pump Controllers

Pazzona, A. et al. Dipartimento di Ingegneria del Territorio Università di Sassari, 2003.
Compares conventional vacuum regulation systems with variable speed drive
(VSD) control systems on each milking machine.

Design of Pulsator Airlines to Reduce Vacuum Fluctuations in Milking Systems

Patoch, J.W., Mein, G.A. and D.J. Reinemann, Milking Research and Instructional Lab, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1996.
Presents the results of a study to investigate design guidelines for pulsator airline systems to avoid interference with vacuum regulation and to reduce the effects of vacuum fluctuations cause by pulsators to an acceptable level.

New Standards for Sizing Milklines

D.J. Reinemann and G.A. Mein, Milking Research and Instructional Lab, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1996.
Reviews the new standard for construction and performance of milking systems has been approved and published by the American Society of Agricultural Engineers (ASAE S518).

Prediction of Milkline Fill and Transition for Stratified to Slug Flow

D.J. Reinemann and G.A. Mein, Department of Agricultural Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1995.
Develops equations to predict:
1) milkline fill, considering the effects of mixing and airflow and,
2) the onset of slugging in milklines under normal operating conditions.

Sizing Vacuum Pumps for Cleaning Milking Systems

D.J. Reinemann and G.A. Mein, Milking Research and Instructional Lab, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1995.
Develops recommendations for the minimum vacuum pump capacity, and system design
and control guidelines to make effective and efficient use of air injection.

Transition from Stratified to Slug Flow in Milklines

D.J. Reinemann and G.A. Mein, Milking Research and Instructional Lab, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1994.
Determines the air and milk flow rates for transition from stratified to slug flow in dual-purpose milklines under conditions typical of milking practice and to measure the vacuum fluctuations produced by slugging in milklines.